cbd vs thc difference

CBD vs THC: Difference Between The Two Cannabis Compounds

As the popularity of CBD products skyrockets, people are becoming more curious about what CBD is, the ingredients in CBD products, and what the differences are between CBD and THC. To begin with, CBD, or cannabidiol, and THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, are two of the main cannabinoids found in hemp and marijuana plants. Both hemp and marijuana are part of the cannabis species, or genus, of plants. Along with CBD and THC, both plants contain over 100 other cannabinoids as well as terpenes and other phytonutrients. And out of all those cannabinoids, it just so happens that CBD and THC are two of the most widely known and controversial ones.

Sadly, there are still a lot of people who haven’t tried CBD products because of all of the confusion that’s created from the taboo surrounding the marijuana plant. In fact, there’s still some people who shy away from trying CBD because they don’t want to look rebellious or appear as if they are doing something illegal. What these people may not know is that hemp-derived CBD products are not only legal in the eyes of the federal government, but they’re also extremely popular among people of all ages and from all walks of life. In fact, the use of hemp-based CBD products has grown exponentially over the last few years.

What are CBD and THC?

CBD and THC are cannabinoids that are extracted from the hemp and marijuana plants. While THC causes euphoric “high” feelings when taken in large quantities, CBD does not. Under federal law, the 2018 Farm Bill specifically, all hemp-based CBD products are legal throughout the United States as long as they contain 0.3% or less THC. Luckily, the hemp plant is bred to naturally have low levels of THC, so it isn’t possible for anyone to get “high” from hemp-derived CBD products. 

The entourage effect allows CBD and THC to have a synergistic relationship.

When used together, the cannabinoids evoke what is known as an entourage effect where they lower each other’s negative effects while boosting one another’s positive ones. In the entourage effect, the CBD binds to cannabinoid receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system to help keep THC from activating those receptors, thus stopping it from causing any unwanted effects like nausea. When taken together, CBD and THC work with the body’s endocannabinoid system to help bring it back into a state of balance. Even though the endocannabinoid system, or ECS, can do this on its own, CBD products that contain CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids, phytonutrients, and terpenes can help give the system a much-needed boost. When full-spectrum CBD oil is taken, the THC binds with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain that help control pain, mood, and other sensations. Interestingly, CBD is thought to help the endocannabinoid system by working with other elements in it that are responsible for feelings of wellbeing.

CBD Oil Varieties: What’s the Difference?

When it comes to CBD oil, there are typically three different varieties: full-spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate. Full-spectrum oils contain CBD, THC, and all the other cannabinoids, terpenes, and phytonutrients in the hemp plant. Broad spectrum oil has all of the same components as full-spectrum oil, however, all of the THC has been filtered out. CBD isolate products contain only 99% pure CBD, as a special process is used to filter out all of the rest of the parts of the hemp plant. Regular CBD users have clear reasons for choosing one specific variety over another. Each type of CBD oil has its own sets of pros and cons, and the variety of oil you choose will directly correspond to your health goals and wellness needs as well as your overall preference. For example, full-spectrum and broad spectrum oils evoke the entourage effect, while CBD isolate oil does not. Also, even though full-spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate oils all interact with the endocannabinoid system, full-spectrum oil will have a larger impact on it because of the THC that it contains. 

Oils can come in an array of strengths and flavors. For example, FAB CBD full-spectrum oils come in 300mg, 600mg, 1200mg, and 2400mg potencies and in flavors like mint, vanilla, citrus, berry, or natural. What most consumers don’t realize is that they can also buy CBD isolate oils in many different strengths. When it comes to CBD and THC abundance, there are brands that offer different ratios of CBD to THC. Keep in mind that oils containing over 0.3% THC are most likely created from the marijuana plant, and are only legal in states where recreational or medicinal marijuana laws have been passed. Different CBD oil strains may contain high THC to low CBD, equal amounts THC to CBD, or high amounts of CBD to low amounts of THC. 

FAB CBD’s full-spectrum oils come in a variety of potencies and delicious flavors.

If you have concerns about passing a drug test, use of any CBD oil can potentially cause a false positive. With that in mind, broad spectrum or CBD isolate oils will most likely be your best options. In hemp-based full-spectrum oils, even though there are trace amounts of THC, they can still be detectable to drug tests. Additionally, because CBD and THC are stored in body fat, they can still have the potential to be detected in drug tests even after you’ve stopped taking full-spectrum products for a period of time. As with anything in life, it’s best to err on the side of caution if you have concerns. 

Do CBD and THC Have Any Side Effects?

While both CBD and THC have side effects linked to them, these effects are both mild and few. Some of the side effects associated with high levels of THC include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Problems Concentrating
  • Balance issues

Some side effects linked to CBD include:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach Upset
  • Sleepiness
  • Low Blood Pressure
  • Moodiness
  • Feeling Lightheaded

Additionally, CBD oil can interfere with some prescription medications. Therefore, if you’ve been thinking about starting a CBD oil regimen, it’s suggested that you speak with your primary care doctor or prescribing physician before taking CBD. Some medications come with a grapefruit warning attached to them. In these prescriptions, grapefruit, grapefruit juice, and some citrus fruits can cause too much or too little medication to enter into the body. CBD products will act in very much the same way. In grapefruit warning medications, grapefruits and CBD can interfere with the way the liver metabolizes the prescription drug, which can lead to potentially dangerous outcomes. 

What Types of Products are Made From CBD and THC?

Thanks to advancements in technology, CBD has come a long way. Now, instead of just being able to buy CBD oils and tinctures, consumers can purchase CBD products like topicals, gummies, salves, pet treats, capsules, sprays, and so much more. In fact, FAB CBD has a solid line of CBD products including “Anytime” and “Nighttime” CBD gummies, full-spectrum CBD oils in a variety of strengths and flavors, Calm & Cool Crunchy Dog Treats, CBD Topical Cream, CBD+CBG Oil, and Full Spectrum CBD Body Salve. These days when it comes to CBD, the options are fairly endless.

FAB CBD uses science and innovation to carefully craft a thoughtful and effective line of CBD products that customers love.

However, just like with any product or supplement, before purchasing any CBD products it’s best to spend some time researching both the brand and its CBD line. Even though there are a wealth of brands out on the market, not all of them are created equal. Sadly, brands with rock bottom prices sometimes cut corners and use subpar ingredients that contain chemicals, pesticides, herbicides, solvents, and other dangerous additives. So, while THC and CBD can be an amazing addition to your existing supplement routine, the cannabinoids won’t help much if they are weighed down by needless and harmful chemicals. When you take the time to do your research, you’re ensuring that you’re getting the highest quality CBD product from the most reputable brand in the industry.

Closing Thoughts: What’s the Takeaway?

Both CBD and THC (in low quantities) are considered safe and have very few and mild side effects linked to them. Regardless of the reason you have for using CBD products, you should always consult with your primary care doctor or medical specialist if you have any concerns or questions ahead of making CBD a part of your regular supplement routine. Likewise, before buying any CBD products or traveling through different states with your existing ones, it’s best if you look into state laws to make sure that it’s legal to use CBD in the state that you live or the state(s) you may be driving through. CBD products can make an excellent addition to any supplement routine as long as you make sure all of your questions are answered and you’ve taken all the time you need to do some thorough research on CBD, CBD brands, and CBD products.